SMART Accelerators guideline for the CE AREA
The sector of creative industries and culture plays a very important role not only in building a competitive economy but also in initiating social changes in the region. The creative sector is an area of the economy with hard-to-define borders. For the purposes of further analysis, therefore, it seems to be necessary to, at least, briefly describe the designation of this concept.
In the literature on the mentioned subject, there are two basic methods of distinguishing organizations belonging to the creative sector. The first method is to accept the criterion that the manufactured product is protected by copyright. In the second method, the criterion is the nature of production processes taking place in the organization, assuming that they must be creative, consisting in creating, providing specific experiences or producing a specific element of symbolic culture. In this approach, a specific group of economic activity is most often distinguished, often assuming in an arbitrary manner that these are the areas of creativity. The categorization rules presented above allowed for the identification of several terms for the creative industries sector.